- The person turns towards the direction of the Qiblah, (the sacred Mosque at Makkah), intending by heart to perform the Fajr (Dawn) prayer. Note: The person should not pronounce his/her intention openly because neither the Prophet (peace be upon him) nor his companions used to utter their intention for prayer. Thus, pronouncing the intention in a loud voice is an innovation and is totally rejected.
- The person then recites in a low voice an opening supplication for the prayer. Here below are three of the supplications which the Prophet (peace be upon him) used to practice and the Muslim is exhorted to memorize at least one of them for recitation each time a prayer is performed:
- "SUBHANAKA ALLAHUMMA WA BEHAMDIKA WATABARAKA ISMOKA, WATA'ALA JADDOKA WALA ILAHA GHAYROKA", which means: "Praise and glory be to Allah. Blessed be Your name exalted be your majesty and glory. There is no god but You."
- "ALLAHUMMA BAI'D BAYNI WA BAYNA KHATAYAYA KAMA BAADTA BAYNA-AL-MASHRIKI WAL MAGHRIBI. ALLAHUMMA NAQQINIY MIN KHA- TAYAYA KAMA YONAQA-AL-THOWBO-ALABYADO MIN-AL-DANASI. ALLAHUMMA IGHSILNIY MIN KHA- TAYAYA BIL-MAI, WATHALJI,' WALBARAD" which means: "O Lord, separate me from my sins as You have separated the east and west. O Lord, cleanse me of my sins as the white robe is cleansed from dirt. O Lord, wash away my sins with water, snow and hail".
- "WAJAHTU WAJHIYA LILLADHII FATARA-AL-SAMAWATI WAL-ARDHI HANIIFAN MUSLIMAN WAMAA ANA MINAL MUSHRIKIINA, INNA SALATII WANUSUKII WAMAHYAYA WAMA-MATII LILLAHI RABBIL'ALAMIINA LAA SHARIKA LAHU WABIDHALIKA UMIRTU WA ANA MINAL-MUSLIMIINA". which means: "I turn my face to Him Who created the heavens and the earth, as a true believer and a Muslim, and nay, am I one of the polytheists. Truly, my prayer and my sacrifices, my life and my death, all belong to Allah, Lord of the worlds, Who has no partner. This I am commanded, and I am of those who submit to His Will."
- The person then seeks the protection of Allah (subhanahu wa ta'ala) from the cursed Satan by saying, "A'UDU BILLAHI MIN-ASHAYTAN-IRRAJIIM ".
- The person then silently invokes Allah (subhanahu wa ta'ala) by saying: "BISMI ELLAH ARRAHMAN ARRAHIIM ", which means, "In the name of Allah, the all Merciful, the all Compassionate ". The person immediately thereafter recites "AL-FATIHAH" (opening chapter of the Glorious Qur'an) in due regard to the following saying of the Prophet (peace be upon him):“Prayer without reciting the Al-Fatihah is invalid” (Reported by Imam Bukhari). Upon completion of the "Al-Fatihah" the person says "Ameen" loudly.
- The person then recites chapters or verses from the Holy Qur'an. However, it is recommended that long passages are recited for the Fajr (Dawn) prayer. Note: If the person is praying with a congregation behind an Imam, (leader) he/she would apply Nos. 1, 2, 3 and 4, and would listen to the Imam reciting the "Al- Fatihah" loudly and upon the Imam completing its recitation, the person along with the rest of the congregation would say "Ameen" loudly after which, the person would apply No. 5 in a low voice.
Ruku' I'tidal Sujud
- ALLAHUMMA LAKA SAJADTU, WABIKA AMANTU, WA LAKA ASLAMTU, SAJADA WAJHII LILLADHII KHA- LAQAHU FASAWARAHU FAAH-SANA SUWARAHU, FASHAQA SAM'AHU WABASARAHU, FATABARAKA -LLAHU AHSANA-L-KHALIQIIN. which means "O Lord, to Thee I prostrate, in Thee I believe and to Thee I submit: My face prostrates to He Who created and fashioned it and made its form good and provided it with hearing and sight,- praise be to Allah, the most excellent of creators".
- RABBI A'TI NAFSII TAQWAHA, WAZAKIHA, ANTA KHAYRU-MANZA-KAHA ANTA WALIYUHAA WAMAU- LAHAA. Which means, "O Lord, give my soul its devoutness and purify it, for none other than Thou can purify it, Thou are its Lord and Master". While in prostration, the person should not bring the hands close to the head and should not stick the arms to the abdomen. Also, the person should neither stick the abdomen to thighs nor the thighs to the legs. The arms should be distanced from the body and raised up from the ground because the Prophet (peace be upon him) prohibited flattening them on the ground according to the following saying: “Adjust your prostration, keep straight in it and stretch not your hands on the ground as dogs do” (Reported by Imam Bukhari).
- The person thereafter raises up the head from prostration saying "ALLAHU AKBAR", and sits up resting on the left foot flattened on the ground while keeping the right foot erect with the toes of the right foot firmed on the ground. While in this position, both palms are to be placed on the knees and the person recites the following supplication: "RABIYA IGHFIRLII, WARHAMNII, WAHDINII, WAJBUR-NII, WARZUQNEE, WA'A FINEE", which means: "O my Lord, forgive me, have mercy on me, guide me, console me, provide for me, and heal me".
- The person prostrates again saying "ALLAHU-AKBAR" and repeats what was done in the first prostration.
- The person then raises the head from the second prostration saying "ALLAHU AKBAR", and takes a sitting pause similar to the pause between the two prostration. This is a pause for rest and it is recommended to take such a pause, although there is no harm if omitted. That is the end of one "Rakaat" (unit).
- The person thereafter, says ALLAHU AKBAR and stands up for the second Rakaat which is performed in the same manner as the first Rakaat whereby the person comes up with all the actions and recitations from Nos. 1 up to 11 as discussed above.
- Upon completing the second prostration as discussed in No. 12 above, the person takes a sitting for the "At- Tashahud" (words of witness) and while in this position, the fingers of the right hand are to be placed close-fisted except the index finger which the person uses to point out as an indication for monotheistic belief although, the person may as well keep both the little and the ring fingers closed, while rounding the thumb and middle finger in a ring-shaped form and uses the index finger to point out as a sign for monotheistic belief. It has been related that the Prophet (peace be upon him), practiced both these methods and it is advisable to practice the first method at times and the other method at other times. The left hand is placed on the left knee with the fingers kept open. After sitting as discussed above, the person recites the AT-Tashahud (words of witness) as follows: "AT TAHIYYATU LILAHI WASALAWATU WATAYYIBATU ASSALAMU ALAYKA AYUHAN-NABIYU WA RAHMATULLAHI WA BARAKA- TUHU ASALAMU ALAYNA WA ALA IBADI-L-LAHI-S-SALIHIYN. ASH-HADU ANLA ILAHA ILA LAHU WAHDAHU LA SHARIKA LAHU WA ASH-HA-DUANNA MUHAMMADAN ABDUHU WA RASUULUH. ALLAHUMMA SALLIY ALA MUHAMMAD WA ALA AALI - MUHAMMAD, KAMA SALAYTA ALA IBRAHIMA, WA AALA AALI IBRAHIM. INAKA HAMIDON MAJID. WA BARIK ALAA MUHAMMAD WA ALAA AALI MUHAMMAD KAMA BARAKTA ALA IBRAHIMA WA ALAA AALI IBRAHIM, INAKA HAMIDON MAJID " which means, "Greetings, prayers and our good deeds are for Allah. Peace, mercy and blessings of Allah be on you O Prophet. May peace be upon us and on the devout slaves of Allah. I testify that there is no god but Allah (the person when reciting this testimony points out the index finger as a sign of monotheistic belief) and I testify that Muhammad is His slave and messenger. O Lord, bless Muhammad and his family as You blessed Ibrahim and his family. You are the Most-Praised, The Most Glorious. O Lord, bestow Your grace on Muhammad and his family as You bestowed it on Ibrahim and his family. You are the Most-Praised, the Most- Glorious". It is recommended to add to the above reading the following supplication in which the person asks for Allah's protection from four evils: "ALLAHUMMA INII AUDHU BIKA MIN ADHABI JAHANNAMA, WA MIN ADHABIL QABR. WAMIN FITNATIL MAHYAA WAL-MAMATI, WAMIN FITNATIL MASIHID-DAJAAL ". which means: "My Lord, I seek Your protection from the torment of Hell, from the torment of the grave, from the trials in lifetime and after death, and from the impostor Masihid-dajaal". The person may also make further supplications to Allah (subhanahu wa ta'ala) asking for prosperity both in this life and in the life hereafter, and to bestow His favors on his parents and other Muslims. This was the confirmed practice of the Prophet (peace be upon him) as reported by Ibn Massoud (may Allah be pleased with him).
- Having completed the At-Tashahud the person terminates the prayer by saying two times: "AS-SALAMU ALEYKUM WA RAHMATU-LAAH", which mean: " Peace and mercy of Allah be upon you", turning the face first to the right and then, to the left.