Prior to entering Salaat, the person is required to undertake a certain purification procedure known as "Wudhu" without which, the person's prayer would not be acceptable in the sight of Allah (subhanahu wa ta'ala). Allah,-the Almighty, says:“ O ye who believe, when ye prepare for prayer, wash your faces and your arms to the elbows,- rub your heads (with water),- and (wash) your feet to the ankles” (Qur'an 5:6).
And the Prophet (peace be upon him), said:“ Prayer without ablution is invalid” (Reported by Imam Muslim).
- If a Muslim want to wudoo, then should he intended in his heart, then read Basmalah.
gargling his mouth (putting water into his mouth and then turning it in and then throw it away). Then inhaling water with the nose (inhaling water by the nose) and then removing it.
Rinsing the mouth with water thrice, preferably using the "Miswak" (tooth stick), toothbrush, or fingers to brush the teeth and the gum. Regarding the importance of the Miswak, the Prophet (peace be upon him) said:“ If it had not been too great a burden on my Ummah, I would have ordered them to use the Miswak at every Wudhu” (Reported by Imam Malik).
- wash your face
Washing the entire face thrice using both hands from the top of the forehead down to the bottom of the chin and from ear to ear.
- Washing the arms
Washing the arms three times up to the upper end of the elbows: right arm first, and then, left arm. Arms should be rubbed while they are being washed.
- Rubbing head
Wetting both hands and passing the same over the head starting from above the forehead down to the nape (the back of the neck) and from there, returning both hands up to above the forehead.From the head, without wetting the hands again, the person wipes the earlobes, using the fore fingers to wipe the inner part of the lobes and the thumbs for the outside part.
- Washing both feet
Washing both feet up to the ankles three times, beginning with the right foot and then with the left foot. Both feet should be rubbed while they are being washed and water should freely pass between the toes.
Having completed the Wudhu, the person may recite the "SHAHADA", i.e. the words of witness and the supplication for concluding the Wudhu as follows: ASH-HADUANLAA ILAHA ILLA-LAAHU WA ASH-HADU ANNA MUHAMMADAN ABDUHU WA RASUULUHU. ALLAHUMMA IJ'ALNII MINA T-A WABIIN WA IJ'ALNII MINA-L MUTAHIRIIN, which means: I bear witness that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is His servant and messenger... O Lord, make me among those who return to you in repentance and of those who are undefiled. Regarding the virtue of the above supplication, the leader of the faithful, Umar lbn-ul Khattab (may Allah be pleased with him) reported the Prophet (peace be upon him) as saying:“ If anyone performs the Wudhu completely and then says, I testify that there is no god but Allah alone, He has no partner: and I testify that Muhammad is His servant and messenger, the eight gates of Paradise will be opened for him and may enter by whichever of the gates he wishes” (Related by Imam Muslim).